History of Austria
Learn from the history of Austria
Like most European countries, Austria’s eventful history. However, certain features such as the beauty and culture of the country’s driving force in the past and presentare not changed much over the centuries.
The first days
From the age of (approx. 8000 BC) Austria’s current location that people in the Valley of the Danube and Alpine valleys caper achieved is located in the community. About 400 BC the Celtic people residing in Western Europe in the eastern parts of the Alps were residing. Two centuries BC by the Celtic country around the forging workshops. From the seventh century b.c. to the next is one of the main centres of employment within the Celtic people of the current Austria Holt has been ashtat that has a large salt mine in prehistory. The era of Holt ashtat (between 450 to 750 BC) is also derived from the name of the same area.
Between 200 to 15 BC the area dominated by the Romans. During the period of the Romans the most casual location in Austria (Center of the Roman province ofPannonia, the current lower Austria) which was to become the center of the Romanfortifications along the Danube.
From to Austria
From the second half of the second century after Christ, the Germanic tribes were overrun on the territory of the Romans to expand their territory. Up to mid-500 after birth control eastern areas of the Alps and the Wiener Wald area. In about the year ad 800, sharlman, King of the Franks, who later became Holy Roman Emperor, in the Valley of the Danube which bring (Eastern March). In 1996 for the first time the word to refer to this name was used that the root of the word Austria in German.
History of Austria
Between the years 976 up 1246 when Leopold von Plato was babnberg, the territory of the Duke of Austria, one of the most extensive real estate babnberg family. This series before relocating to a property located in the beautiful area for the first time in the pochlarn resides. In the second century, the current capital of 12 art in Vienna Austria. Also in the 12th century St. Stephen was completed, to become stuck and became the town‘s main sight specifications. Henry II also built a monastery in Wayne shutn yard where a statue of him also.
The beginning of habsburg rule
Something about 100 years later Rudolf first to sixth century rule of the Kingdom and primers in habsburg Austria. The center of their territory was the Royal House of Vienna, now converted into a Museum (Museum, treasures) is that a good review on the history of the habsburg rule. Habsburg policy using strategic marriages increased power and influence in the region. Because of the premature death or children not in Spanish dynasty that the grandfather and father with whom the Emperor Charles IV oslt, heir to the Netherlands and Spain France area and their empire in the United States.
The war with the Turks
The threat of the Turks, including the siege of Vienna in the years 1529 and 1683 fail caused Poland, Venice and Russia to ward off a threat from the Turks to join the habsburg Empire. In the 1960s the Royal forces to the command of Prince Eugene. Habsburg forces under his command, except for a small part of the brhmeh regions of Hungary dominate.
The Baroque period
With the end of the threat of the Turks in the eyes of making art and culture flourished. The mansion, including the Taj Mahal Palace shonbron (World Heritage) and the Cathedral of Salzburg. The architects, including Johann Fischer fan arlakh fanJacob, Lucas, Daniel Gran, Paul trogar, Frank Anton malberts, the extraordinary mansion. Under the rule of Empress Maria Teresa (1717 to 1780) was a habsburg restoration and real estate. After the death of Maria Theresa in her 1780, the son of Joseph II’s reforms, which her mother had it.
The French Revolution and Napoleon’s uprising in 1789 the biggest threat was that the threat of habsburg-controlled areas. During the Vienna Conference (1814 to 1815) with the aim of drawing political districts map again after the defeat of Napoleon, the Austrian Chancellor tried to the power of Austria again. In the year of the French Revolution, the philosophy of middle-class 1848 to Austria, but the protesters were quickly suppressed and Emperor franz I with the reduction of civil liberties and the beginning of the stream to the severe censorship reacts to this. As a result people returned to their homes and home to a number of political and social life of non-stop enlisting.