Middle ear infection or (Otitis Media)


Familiarity with middle ear infections or otitis media

● Middle ear infections (Otitis Media):

This is followed by a viral infection of upper respiratory tract disease incidence, viral infection of the respiratory system
Eustachian tube dysfunction causing upper gates and thus the infection of the middle ear through the eustachian tube connecting to the progression of the disease and can cause otitis media.

● If the three otitis media can be seen:

1. acute otitis) from (Acute Otitis Media: AOM) is usually an acute infection with Bacterial infection
The upper respiratory tract.
2. acute otitis) from recurrent acute otitis: If the installation of three or more in 6 months or 4 or more times in the
A year happen kind of recurrent.
3.) published from otitis (Otitis Media with Effusion: OME)-resistant infection asymptomatic
The middle ear to otitis, Acute recurrent installation without a history of AOM.
Doctors without borders site reporter, children up to the age of 7 years or more and a percentage of about 93
39% 6 or more about catching the disease experience. Breastfeeding and no smoking in the House likely to reduce acute otitis installation media.
Symptoms of AOM include ear pain, fever (but in some cases without fever), runny nose and cough and reduce
Attend a hearing. In children, several months may be asymptomatic in this case high sensitivity often
Symptoms of ear pain and AOM.
Installation media otitis diffuse (OME) is often asymptomatic. Plus smoking, family history of the disease Middle otitis, otitis, son of installation material in the first year of life of the patients prone to catching the disease.
Although the disease may occur at any age, mostly infants and children with low age. The majority of children up to the age of three at least once to have been affected.
This may be due to the more narrow Eustachian tube (which connects the middle ear to the throat)
Children compared to adults. The result is middle ear discharge due to not unloading, the grounds for infection.

Middle-ear-infection-or-otitis-media (Otitis Media)

• Otitis media based on clinical classification.

Acute otitis media-1:
The presence of fluid in the middle ear with the signs and symptoms of an acute disease in the position (such as earaches, withdrawal
Otitis media discharge, swelling of the eardrum) or entire body like a fever comes.
2. otitis media-resistant:
Severe symptoms are almost there (the pain and fever) after three days of treatment with the antibiotic and continue to pressure and inflammation in the back of the
Smachi curtains.
3-otitis media with a splash:
Secretion of otitis media after a period of 6 days of antibiotic treatment for otitis media, acute, continues that
It is up to a few weeks or a few months along the inside.
Recurrent otitis media-4:
The occurrence of acute otitis media in the period of at least 3 to 6 months of acute otitis media or 4 courses in 12 months.

● Factors underlie

Certain factors and environmental factors – what are beyond a person’s control – there may be the risk of ear infections in children. Paintings, such as:
• Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in place.
• Have a history of ear infections, frequent colds, or having a family history of ear infections.
• Go to the nursery.
• The premature or low-weight basis was born.
• Go to sleep with a glass bottle of milk or use a pacifier.
• Being a boy.
• Having the allergies that congested the nasal mucosa or Hyperemia.
Symptoms of ear infections in children
Unfortunately, the low age children cannot speak up to tell you that what inconvenience.
The existence of these symptoms in your child may represent his middle ear infection to the NIT.
• Pain, which may be in the form of a child the uneasiness, handling and drag the ears,
• Being irritable during feeding, or to cry when your child falling off her put to sleep.
• White or yellow sticky traps discharge from the ears that may be unpleasant Bowie.
• A fever that is usually between 37.78 up to 40 degrees Celsius.
• Difficulty in hearing

● The epidemiology:

In children is common and the highest occurrence of it from 6 months to 3 years.
Risk factors etiology: the incidence of otitis media increases include: the season (in the winter of district), congenital abnormalities, environmental factors, race (Blacks is white), the age of the first of
Whatever the age of the primary morbidity (less severe disease occurrence, of course, and the possibility of its recurrence
Is higher) and gender (more in boys).

● Microbiology:

Streptococcus pneumonia (35%), bacterial pathogens with acute otitis media, which is dominant in the relationship of pathogens. the second and third, respectively, in the category include the hmovilus flu (25%) and moracsla kataralis (15%) of bacterial pathogens. may be Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes,
Named ashrshiacoli.



● Treatment:

If your child has a middle ear infection, it is important for proper diagnosis and treatment of the child to the doctor.
The pediatrician will determine whether this is a viral or bacterial infection.
If bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. If the infection is viral, antibiotics will not cure it, so does the prescribed benefits not only them but also may create complication.
According to that viral infections are more common, doctors in many cases in children who are healthy in other respects, do not prescribe antibiotics and wait for the spontaneous elimination of the infection.
But in any case, the middle ear infections children need to have a doctor’s visit
To relieve the pain you can your give acetaminophen or ibuprofen such as housing. Do not give aspirin to your child, unless it is prescribed by the doctor. As well as a child’s ear cushions on the heaters let the time to soothe him. The doctor may prescribe ear drops for the child.
In children who suffer from frequent ear infections, a surgical tube that may be working in the ear to reduce the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, which underlie the infection-help.
1. purpose:
Pain control, eradication of infection, prevent complications and complexities, to prevent the return of the infection, avoid unnecessary antibiotics consumption and reduce the complications of treatment.
2. antibiotic therapy:
Select antibiotics based on the sensitivity of microbe, the rate of penetration of liquid into the middle ear, the effectiveness of the clinical, patient, the patient’s age and the amount of tolerance.

● Medicinal remedies:

The drug of choice for the disease with amoxicillin dosage is 40 mg/kg/day in 3 divided doses
Prescribed for ten consecutive days. In a recurrent acute otitis amoxicillin from ۲۰mg/kg/day
For the summer months or during prescribed 6 3.
In the following cases can be distinguished from other alternative medicines:
1) patients with acute otitis installation media that have allergies to penicillin.
2.) see signs of resistance to the drug amoxicillin after 72 48 hours
3 acute otitis) if the installation media with the installation of an acute otitis 4 3 weeks ago happen.
4) otitis media with extreme pain ears
5) children less than 6 months with high fever
6) patients with safe system weakness

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