Understanding the risk factors for heart disease
Get to know the symptoms of heart disease
Signs and symptoms of the most important diagnostic tools in all diseases including heart disease and physicians rely on history and clinical examination and using diagnostic procedures such as blood tests or cardiac catheterization and echocardiography and exercise test … to validate clinical findings or completeness of the information is needed.The main symptoms that can be related to cardiovascular diseases include, but note that these symptoms are not necessarily due to heart problems and many differential diagnoses are:
1 -Nzhyn heart, feel pain or discomfort in the chest: Although coronary artery stenosis is one of the most important signs of discomfort in the chest, but any discomfort in the chest is not necessarily caused by heart problems. Chest discomfort caused by narrowing of the arteries when the heart is, so-called “angina chest” name and its specifications are:
– With increased activity and by rest or by taking nitroglycerin sublingual tablets over 3 to 5 minutes will be reduced or discontinued. And usually associated with body position (lying or sitting) or not moving the joints or spine.
– If you have severe chest pain associated with symptoms such as cold sweats, nausea and vomiting, or a long time (more than 30 minutes) take with regard to the likelihood of a heart attack Jump to the emergency room is necessary.
– If the pain from angina at rest frequently and caused high risk of heart attacks and an immediate visit to the emergency room is recommended.
The differential diagnosis of chest pain (chest pain Ghyranzhyny): If you have chest pain with activity, and the situation is aggravated by breathing and cough or change in heart will culminate little patient is pain and muscle spasms, such as operating Noncardiac and bone issues are raised. Burning pain behind the breastbone that was created after the meal and to sleep and bending resonance and by changing consumer tastes and mouth as dry syrups, antacids or ranitidine tablets such as reduced suggestive of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux ) is. Chest pain with breathing intensified and combined with cold symptoms, shortness of breath and so on, especially if aggravated the prone position may be due to pericarditis (inflammation of the heart) is. Chest pain with shortness of breath, especially after surgery or long periods of hospitalization or immobilization may be due to pulmonary embolism, and in these cases must be referred immediately to a specialist is recommended.
2 – weakness and fatigue of early: a common symptom in many diseases such as heart disease and Noncardiac glandular and metabolic, pulmonary psychological issues. In addition to vascular problems, heart failure, bradycardia (slow heart rate) and heart valve problems (stenosis or insufficiency) are associated with early-onset of weakness and fatigue. With symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, bradycardia (heart rate less than 60 beats per minute), episodes of syncope (fainting), cold sweats and dizziness in diagnosing heart problems is helpful. The exact history by a doctor and if necessary therapy of cardiac electrocardiograms (ECG), echocardiography, chest x-ray and blood tests usually leads to early detection of heart problems.
3 – Shortness of breath: feel difficulty in breathing can result from cardiac causes or is Noncardiac of the Republic of lung disease. If you have shortness of breath with activity intensified in the lying position to a sitting position increase, especially if accompanied by swelling of the legs and attacks with shortness of breath at night (to waking the patient), and cardiac causes such as heart failure and valve problems has been and is readily detected by echocardiography. Asthma and obstructive lung disease (bronchitis and emphysema) are common causes of shortness of breath. In these cases, excessive sputum and cough and wheezing are common sense can be seen.Biographies of long-term tobacco use is associated with risk of emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Sudden shortness of breath may result from causes such as pulmonary embolism is dangerous, especially if the person is motionless for a long time or been hospitalized for pulmonary embolism has been and should be examined immediately. Cardiac arrhythmias as bradycardia (slow heart rate) or tachycardia (increased heart rate) also leads to shortness of breath that is detectable by taking a patient’s pulse or ECG. Renal failure, psychological and metabolic diseases can also cause shortness of breath. Sometimes in the elderly, diabetics and patients addicted to narcotics as well as some other people, heart attack with mild pain or no pain or sudden shortness of breath is the only symptom. So the immediate referral of patients to the emergency room is necessary.
4 – Dizziness: Dizziness is a common symptom in patients that can result from cardiac causes, neurological, metabolic or psychological problems. Lightheadedness, blurred vision and lack of balance, especially if accompanied by cold sweats can be caused by cardiac arrhythmias, low or very high heart rate (bradycardia or tachycardia) or a drop in blood pressure. For short-term episodes of dizziness or palpitations, especially if accompanied by sweating and is suggestive of cardiac arrhythmias. If the person experiencing dizziness when changing position from sitting to standing (hypotension Atvastatyk) caused by blood pressure medication, dehydration or autonomic nerve disorder in the elderly has been measured and checked blood pressure in lying and standing. If you feel dizzy just rotate or move around in the environment, particularly if associated with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and neurological causes of tinnitus suggests a visit to the neurologist recommended. If that patients with diabetes treated with insulin or tablets is lowering blood sugar, dizziness, lightheadedness, loss of consciousness or chance of perspiration and blood glucose was brought to the emergency department is recommended. In these cases it is recommended to sugar before emergency such as sugar, chocolate, etc. should be taken.
5 -Tpsh heart feel palpitations or arrhythmias may be due to heart failure or caused by anxiety and stress.Palpitation after physical activity seen in normal subjects. If a person becomes less active with palpitations and cardiac examination and if necessary a doctor is recommended to evaluate heart. If the person is at rest and after a few minutes just suddenly pounding heart palpitations spontaneously stop this problem frequently repeated likelihood of a cardiac arrhythmia is recycled. In these cases a counting pulse and heart rate are helpful in determining the cause palpitations. If the possibility of immediate visit to the medical center and the heart of the electrocardiograms recorded when there is a beating heart arrhythmia detection becomes easy. Sometimes a person may feel the loss inside the chest or feel a strong rate. In these cases, it may be a heart ectopic beats (PVC, PAC) exist.
The rate of ectopic easily by heart electrocardiograms (if any when you sign strip) are recognizable. Pounding heart attacks in patients with heart disorders such as heart failure or valve problems suggestive of arrhythmias such as AF, atrial flutter or ventricular tachycardia and arrhythmias due to the significant complications of scrutiny is required and appropriate treatment. Sometimes when a person does not feel palpitations without arrhythmia (confirmed by examination or electrocardiograms) in these cases is reassuring enough. If during an attack palpitations possibility of inspection or registration of electrocardiograms heart (EKG) is one of the detection methods Holter monitoring, 24-hour heart by this method allows you to record ECG for 24 to 48 hours and if the attacks palpitations frequently (eg once a day) allows you to record electrocardiograms when there is palpitation. The doctor sometimes arrhythmia clinical suspicion is high and if you want to get rid patients of arrhythmia electrophysiology study (EPS) and the induction of arrhythmia Ablation is recommended.
6. sweating: cold sweats a common symptom of cardiac ischemia attacks, or myocardial infarction, arrhythmias, bradycardia and heart failure, which is often accompanied by other symptoms can be seen.
If you have cold sweats and chest pain from angina is a heart attack should always be considered. If the cold sweats, palpitations, dizziness, malaise, it is likely to cardiac arrhythmias. In severe heart failure and shortness of breath, cold sweats and fatigue caused. Cold sweats may be caused by low blood sugar levels in diabetics under treatment in these cases usually involve loss of consciousness and confusion of symptoms. In rare cases it may be cold sweating attacks alone without chest pain caused by heart attack (myocardial infarction). This is especially seen in the elderly and people with diabetes and their pay special attention to this sign indicates Rakhatr .
7. fainting or fainting, which of course is not always a sign of a heart condition and may have other causes.
8. edema: excessive water accumulation or swelling of the legs, lungs or abdomen may seem very common, but dangerous.
9. cyanosis: bruising around the lips and nails can be caused by tissue hypoxia.
These symptoms of heart disease symptoms that can be seen. However, if you experience any better with your doctor.
Types, causes, symptoms and signs of disease. Cardiovascular
Cardiovascular diseases are now among the top three causes of death and disability of people around the world and has become the main cause of death or disability in most countries. Although the risks of contagious diseases, infectious and contagious disease because they are fast and visible nature is immediate, but the complications of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease for patients and community, long lasting, debilitating and costly than being, at the same time to prevent the are. The possibility of cardiovascular disease after age 40 in men 50% and women 40%. Although some of the causes of the emergence of cardiovascular disease, such as gender, age and genetic and non-intervention, but other ways to control modifiable risk factors resulting in the prevention of cardiovascular disease or at least delaying the onset of their has it.
The causes of cardiovascular disease , as well as signs and symptoms of the illness varies, depending on the type.
Types of heart disease:
However, when it comes to heart disease, stroke, heart inspired more people fall, but the fact is that many diseases can affect human cardiovascular system
Heart Disease generally can be divided into several important seeds:
1 – Coronary artery diseases (arteries supplying the heart muscle itself):
Atherosclerosis , arteriosclerosis and stable angina (chronic disease, coronary artery)
Acute coronary artery disease: unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction (heart attack)
2. The heart muscle disease:
Acute and chronic heart failure
Acute myocarditis heart
Cardiomyopathy, chronic heart: Kardyvmyv Pati heart dilated, hypertrophic heart Kardyvmyv Pati, Pati Kardyvmyv heart Rystryktyv
3. Patients in the production rate and heart rhythm:
Heart disease, sick sinus syndrome
4 – valvular heart disease
5. The lining of the heart (endocarditis)
6. pericardial disease of the heart (pericarditis)
7. major heart artery disease:
8. peripheral vascular diseases of the heart:
9. heart disease secondary to the involvement of other organs of the body:
10. Ymaryhay congenital heart:
11. Hypertension = high blood pressure = Hypertension :
12. sudden cardiac death:
Although specific topics thoroughly, but I briefly talk about these diseases and generally for quick comparison kinds of diseases, they will make the definition and symptoms:
1 – coronary heart disease : coronary artery, the main blood vessels to the heart muscle are. And coronary heart diseases caused by narrowing or spasm of the arteries, thus reducing the blood supply to the heart.
Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis evolution, progressive and gradually and over time leads to a gradual but progressive coronary artery atherosclerosis and thus reduce the blood supply to the heart. This phenomenon leads to stable angina (coronary artery chronic illness) is characterized by pain in the heart that the high activity levels and then gradually with the progress of the disease with fewer activities and is characterized always improves with rest.
But the rupture of atherosclerotic plaques always occurred suddenly and without obvious symptoms early warning followed by Coagulation Blood clots caused Added on atherosclerotic plaque rupture and resulting in acute obstruction, causing acute coronary artery disease (unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction (MI)) is. This disease with sudden cardiac pain during rest without previous history of heart disease or sudden escalation in a person with a history of chest pain, but has been controlled with medication is determined.
After a heart attack, caused by a sudden stop blood flow to the coronary artery is generally caused by the rupture of atherosclerotic plaques and clots within the veins. Myocardial infarction symptoms other than pain or heavy feeling in the chest, back, jaw, throat and can include some deceptive gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, and symptoms such as cold sweats, weakness, shortness of breath and abnormal heart beats.These symptoms should not be ignored and should immediately see a doctor. If immediate treatment is not done, the portion of the heart muscle is damaged and dies (stroke or myocardial infarction) of heart muscle function Back there, but with early treatment possible.
If small atherosclerotic plaque before rupture (and enable the formation of blood clots in the heart of the system is that acute coronary occlusion), causing significant blockage in the veins is not, then many patients will not be obvious until the symptoms of a heart attack, do not understand who have coronary artery disease and may even recent exercise test is negative the patient.
2. The heart muscle disease: symptoms of heart involvement, as well as strategy and Forums exertional dyspnea or fatigue, lethargy and pulmonary edema or edema. It contains:
– Acute and chronic heart failure. Heart failure is the inability of the heart to meet the needs of the individual, which can be caused by disease of the heart muscle or lower mainly due to the increase need to be patient.
In most cases, heart failure due to coronary artery disease or heart attack (infarction) of heart occurs, but other causes of long-term uncontrolled high blood pressure, valvular disease, etc. are also involved.
– Acute myocarditis heart: heart Zlh due to inflammation caused by infection or immune phenomena say.
– Chronic heart cardiomyopathy (Kardyvmyv Pati heart dilated, hypertrophic heart Kardyvmyv Pati, Pati Kardyvmyv heart Rystryktyv)
The primary disorder of the heart muscle called cardiomyopathy. This disorder of the heart’s ability to pump blood dipped leads to symptoms of heart failure.
3. The production rate and rhythm of heart disease :
– heart beat
– Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
– Heart disease, sick sinus syndrome
– Atrial Fibrillation (AF)
4. valvular heart disease: heart valve 4 is 2 to the atrioventricular and ventricular-arterial or two. Two types of impairment (impairment (Shelley), and a valve stenosis) can each of these valves is to Drkyr.
Mitral valve prolapse – mitral valve regurgitation – Mitral valve stenosis .
Aortic valve insufficiency – Aortic valve stenosis .
Failure and Narrowing of the tricuspid valve (tricuspid)
Failure and pulmonary valve stenosis
5. The lining of the heart (endocarditis): inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
6. pericardial disease of the heart (pericarditis): inflammation of the outer lining of the heart
7. major heart artery disease:
Bowel mesentery artery disease.
8. peripheral vascular diseases of the heart:
9. heart disease secondary to the involvement of other organs of the body:
Kvrpvlmvnl: Heart failure caused by lung disease
10. Congenital Heart Disease:
This range is based on the severity of the disease or at birth or early in life will be determined or, sometimes, it becomes clear after enlargement or maturity.
Major congenital heart disease is a heart pierced walls, failure (Shelley) or heart valve stenosis, or abnormalities in the communication channel is not closed or shifted sides in fetal heart and great vessels of the heart.
Some of these defects do not require treatment. Others require medical treatment or emergency surgery in infancy or in adult.
People who have a congenital heart defect, may be subject to Khtrayskmy heart (coronary artery disease), arrhythmias, heart failure and infection of the heart valves placed.
11. Hypertension Hypertension = = high blood pressure : systolic blood pressure higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic above 90 mmHg (of all ages and both sexes) shed.
12. sudden cardiac death:
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in sudden death from heart disease in healthy people or patients who did not expect his imminent death in broad strokes because of heart or cardiac arrhythmia refers Shvd.my can occur name.
If SCD occurs, Baydbh speed operation is performed CPR, because without doing CPR, and restore heart rhythm, a few minutes of patient brain dead, then death is permanent.